The Intricate Relationship Between Diabetes and Eye Health
Approximately 25.8 million people in the United States live with some form of diabetes. This serious metabolic disease is characterized by high blood sugar, and results from poorly regulated insulin production or impaired insulin response. It can have serious implications for numerous systems within the body, including the eyes. Early detection and treatment is the best defense against diabetic retinopathy. Contact our Morristown practice to schedule an exam.
Using advanced imaging, Dr. Lalin can identify microaneurysms, which indicate the earliest stages of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic macular edema, one of the most common symptoms of diabetic eye disease, can be treated with medications such as steroids, Avastin®, Ozurdex, or laser therapy.
Signs & Symptoms
As diabetic retinopathy progresses, symptoms include blurred vision that will suddenly clear up or a sudden increase in eye floaters. Eventually, you could experience macular edema (a thickening of the central portion of the retina), retinal detachment, or a buildup of pressure within the eye.
The successful treatment and management of diabetes-related health problems begins with a focus on controlling blood sugar levels. Our team can discuss how your diet directly impacts your symptoms. We also recommend you meet with a dietician or nutritionist trained in diabetes management.
Chronic high blood sugar can prompt the delicate blood vessels in this tissue to leak fluid or hemorrhage. It can even lead to improper oxygen levels, retinal detachment, or scarring on the front of the eyes. The key to successful treatment of diabetic retinopathy is early detection.