Cataracts can affect your vision as your natural lens becomes more cloudy over time. Initially, you will notice that night driving will become more difficult as you will see more halos and glare from oncoming headlights. You will also feel like you need more light to read than in the past as your cataracts get worse. In extreme or severe cases, cataracts can lead to blindness. Fortunately, Dr. Sean Lalin can accurately diagnose and effectively treat cataracts at our Morristown and Hackettstown, NJ, offices. Cataract surgery can restore your clear vision and significantly enhance your quality of life. Modern cataract surgery is a safe and effective treatment to improve your vision and in some cases can minimize the need for glasses after surgery. To learn more about cataracts, contact the Eye and Laser Centers of New Jersey today.
Understanding the Effects of Cataracts
The lens of the eye is a clear structure that receives and focuses light so that you can see properly. When proteins begin to develop in the lens, they can clump together and prevent light from properly reaching your retina. Patients with cataracts can experience hazy, foggy vision. Depending on how advanced the condition is, cataracts may be a mild annoyance or a major impediment to daily life. Aging is the number one risk factor for cataract development, but patients who suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, excessive sun exposure, or other ocular conditions may also have a higher chance of developing the condition.
Diagnosing Your Condition
During a regular eye examination, we will discuss any symptoms and concerns about your vision and assess your eyes for signs of cataracts. To diagnose this condition, we may:
- Inspect your eyes using special instruments: In some cases, cataracts can be spotted by examining different areas of your eyes.
- Measure visual acuity by having you read from a Snellen eye chart: This allows doctors to determine your optical prescription and the degree to which cataracts may be interfering with your eyesight.
- Conduct a retinal exam: We may administer medicated eye drops to dilate your pupils before using a magnifying lens to get a closer look at the retina.
- Perform a slit lamp examination: This involves shining a plane of bright light through your eye to illuminate abnormalities in your lens, cornea, and iris.
If you are diagnosed with cataracts, our team of doctors can create a customized treatment plan to suit your needs.
Restoring Your Eyesight
Non-surgical treatments such as glasses or contact lenses can be used to minimize the effect of cataracts on your vision. However, when vision becomes significantly impaired, especially when driving at night or reading, we recommend cataract surgery to improve or restore your vision. When you have cataract surgery, you now have the choice of either traditional manual cataract surgery or advanced, blade-less laser cataract surgery. During laser cataract surgery, we use the advanced Alcon LenSx® femtosecond laser system to safely and effectively remove your cloudy natural lens. Next, we will replace your natural lens with an intraocular lens (IOL). We offer standard monofocal IOLs, which restore your vision at a single distance but typically you will require glasses for reading and possibly in the distance. For our patients looking to minimize the use of glasses after cataract surgery, we offer the advanced multifocal ReSTOR lenses from Alcon and the Symphony lenses from Johnson & Johnson, so you may reclaim a much wider range of distance and near vision to minimize the need for glasses.
Learn More about Cataracts
Cataracts can blur and obscure your eyesight and interfere with a patient's quality of life. If you are experiencing impaired vision because of cataracts, our ophthalmologists can perform an accurate diagnosis and provide effective treatment with advanced laser surgery. Contact our practice today to schedule a personal consultation.